South Korea: Back to Dictatorial Censorship
It’s official. The South Korean government and Internet providers are actively censoring its people. The Korea Times reported on June 27, “40 foreign-based Web sites, which contain the video footage showing the beheading of a South Korean hostage in Iraq…. in fear of causing extreme anguish to already-horrified Koreans.” However, this report is willfully misleading.
The Korean Times article suggests the Ministry of Information censorship operation is limited, careful, and considered. But, it is indiscriminate, sloppy, and knee-jerk. The government has blocked access to whole domains, including blog host sites such as Blog*Spot and Typepad. Blog*Spot alone boasts 1.3 million members. The overwhelming majority of sites have nothing to do with the Kim video much less South Korea. They include Jerusalem Wanderings, a record of a Jewish resident of Jerusalem’s thoughts, Andy Kaufman Returns, a running gag about Kaufman’s resection, and Piggy Lov3, about a 13-year-old girl who likes “toking on the phone, listenin to music and sleeping.” Meanwhile, the idiots in charge of this nonsensical fascist operation are too stupid to block mirror sites and anonyms browsers such as Unipeak, which allow users to access Kim’s exaction video from South Korea.
But the ultimately pathetic thing is the government, which is so up in arms over Kim Sun-il, took no precautions to block access to other widely available beheading videos, such as Nick Berg’s. In fact, the Berg execution video was widely downloaded and circulated in South Korea. This behavior indicates a widespread racism in South Korea. Large portions of the Korean public are unperturbed by watching murderers decapitate citizens of other nations. However, when the victim is South Korean, the public is enraged and the government takes precautions against causing its citizens “extreme anguish.” I don’t know which is worse the public’s racist hypocrisy or the government's active enabling and encouragement of these racist ideas.
It leads me to wonder if there isn’t some validity to one of the conspiracy theories floating around the Korean blogger community: the Roh Administration is not as concerned about damage to South Korean psyches as it is about damage to itself when the public hears Kim’s last words: “President Roh Moo-hyun! … This [the troop deployment] is a mistake. Please, Korean people support me … I want to live. I go to Korea.”
Below is an eloquent letter from Kevin Kim, AKA Big Hominid, a fellow blogger in South Korea and links to other blogs with further news on the recent censorship by the South Korean government, South Korean Internet providers, and the Ministry of Information.
I am sending this message to the bloggers on my blogroll (and a few other folks) in the hopes that some of you will print this, or at least find it interesting enough for comment. I'm not usually the type to distribute such messages, but I felt this was important enough to risk disturbing you.
As some of you may already know, a wing of the South Korean government, the Ministry of Information and Culture (MIC), is currently clamping down on a variety of blogging service providers and other websites. The government is attempting to control access to video of the recent Kim Sun-il beheading, ostensibly because the video will have a destabilizing influence. (I haven't seen the video.)
Many Western expat bloggers in Korea are in an uproar; others, myself included, are largely unsurprised: South Korea has not come far out of the shadow of its military dictatorship past. My own response to this censorship is not so much anger as amusement, because the situation represents an intellectual challenge as well as a chance to fight for freedom of expression. Perhaps even to fight for freedom, period.
South Korea is a rapidly evolving country, but in many ways it remains the Hermit Kingdom. Like a turtle retreating into its shell, the people are on occasion unable to deal with the harsh realities of the world around them. This country is, for example, in massive denial about the atrocities perpetrated in North Korea, and, as with many Americans, is in denial about the realities of Islamic terrorism, whose roots extend chronologically backward far beyond the lifetime of the Bush Administration. This cultural tendency toward denial (and overreaction) at least partially explains the Korean government's move to censor so many sites.
The fact that the current administration, led by President Noh Mu-hyon, is supposedly "liberal"-leaning makes this censorship more ironic. It also fuels propagandistic conservative arguments that liberals are, at heart, closet totalitarians. I find this to be a specious caricature of the liberal position (I consider myself neither liberal nor conservative), but to the extent that Koreans are concerned about what image they project to the world, it is legitimate for them to worry over whether they are currently playing into stereotype: South Korea is going to be associated with other violators of human rights, such as China.
Of the many hypocrisies associated with the decision to censor, the central one is that no strong governmental measures were taken to suppress the distribution of the previous beheading videos (Nick Berg et al.). This, too, fuels the suspicion that Koreans are selfish or, to use their own proverbial image, "a frog in a well"-- radically blinkered in perspective, collectively unable to empathize with the sufferings of non-Koreans, but overly sensitive to their own suffering.
I am writing this letter not primarily to criticize all Koreans (I'm ethnically half-Korean, and an American citizen), nor to express a generalized condemnation of Korean culture. As is true anywhere else, this culture has its merits and demerits, and overall, I'm enjoying my time here. No, my purpose is more specific: to cause the South Korean government as much embarrassment as possible, and perhaps to motivate Korean citizens to engage in some much-needed introspection.
To this end, I need the blogosphere's help, and this letter needs wide distribution (you may receive other letters from different bloggers, so be prepared!). I hope you'll see fit to publish this letter on your site, and/or to distribute it to concerned parties: censorship in a supposedly democratic society simply cannot stand. The best and quickest way to persuade the South Korean government to back down from its current position is to make it lose face in the eyes of the world. This can only happen through a determined (and civilized!) campaign to expose the government's hypocrisy and to cause Korean citizens to rethink their own narrow-mindedness.
We can debate all we want about "root causes" with regard to Islamic terrorism, Muslim rage, and all the rest, but for me, it's much more constructive to proceed empirically and with an eye to the future. Like it or not, what we see today is that Korea is inextricably linked with Iraq issues, and with issues of Islamic fundamentalism. Koreans, however, may need some persuading that this is in fact the case-- that we all need to stand together as allies against a common enemy.
If you are interested in giving the South Korean Ministry of Information and Culture a piece of your mind (or if you're a reporter who would like to contact them for further information), please email the MIC at:
(Blogspot is currently blocked in Korea, along with other providers; please go to Unipeak.com and type my URL into the search window to view my blog.)
For more information on the Ministry of Information's Nonsence follow these links: